Sunday, January 18, 2015

Kid Logic

Nose-free art for the children
As I fold strips of colored construction paper accordion-style to make expandable legs for "huggy hearts" (later renamed "heart monkeys"), I start to eye the two-dimensional eyeballs I had cut out for the kids. I flash back to this morning's wooly sheep Eid craft and the reminder from my colleague to be sure that the kids cover the entire body with cottonballs, except for the place where the eye would go. A few minutes later she peeked her head into the classroom and said actually, make sure they cover the entire body with cottonballs, especially the place where the eye would go.

I spend a lot of time thinking about the Hanafi fiqh rulings regarding pictures and drawings because I produce a fair amount of "arts and crafts." I have a tendency to spend from my food budget on "fun supplies" in percentages disproportionate to what is appropriate for real life.
Like most things, crafts are not against my religion. But we do have limitations as to what we are allowed to try to creatively reproduce. I believe that restrictions yield more creative solutions to challenging everyday problems like "what craft should I make?"

The most basic principle to keep in mind as a Godfearing crafter is that it is impermissible to try to recreate that which only Allah can create, particularly anything with a soul.
Here I will quote directly from sources because something about jurisprudential writing has a calming effect on the heart. Sometimes the repetition makes it read like poetry. The writer seems sure that he knows the right thing to do in any situation. He is armed with the knowledge to make good decisions, and imparting this knowledge to you- yes, you! in a clear and meaningful way. He might make you feel like you are definitely going to do the right thing, now that you know the rules.

From SeekersGuidance, complete with sources for the superseeker:

"What is strongly impermissible is to draw the entire human body with all its details, or the face and neck with all its details (except when necessary for immediate educational purposes and the like).

As for drawing an outline of the human body, without detailed features, or drawing the details of a particular part (such as the heart), this is permitted, and this is not disliked if for a reasonable purpose (such as education).

It is mentioned in Imam `Ala al-Din al-Haskafi’s al-Durr al-Mukhtar that, among the types of pictures that are not prohibited to have are those that are:
“(Small) such that the details of their limbs are not apparent to someone who looks down at them standing while they are on the ground, as Halabi mentioned, (or with their head or face cut off) or with an organ effaced out that the body cannot live without, (or of an inanimate object).”

Ibn Abidin clarified in his supercommentary, Radd al-Muhtar:
“(His saying “with their head cut off”) That is, whether it did not have a head in the first place, or it had one and it was effaced.” [Radd al-Muhtar` ala al-Durr al-Mukhtar, Babma yufsidal-salatwama yukrahufiha]
And Allah knows best."

(Sheikh Faraz Rabbani)

There are many amazing things to be learned here. First of all, "supercommentary" is a word.
Also, while these rules may seem straight-forward to the casual reader, each situation both requires and allows for interpretation. So there is both responsibility and opportunity. Risky business. Even when it comes to craft-time with the "fun aunt."

Is fun craft time considered a "reasonable purpose?" Are bug crafts educational? How reasonable is the need for a gingerbread cookie in one's belly? Are eyeballs details?

Luckily, the "people" that the kids draw aren't quite the shape of an actual human body- more like a cross between a person and a star- and so we call them "little guys" and don't really worry about it any further. But the third point is the one that most intrigues and concerns me, and has led to several discussions with my doctor friends about what parts of the body various animate objects cannot live without. The first thing I learned is that doctors know very little about dinosaurs. But they do have pretty sound opinions on the topic of survival in general.

Given my fondness for dinosaur crafts, I was hoping we could all agree that dinos cannot live without eyes. No such luck. It was concluded that it would probably wander around for a while before it died of starvation or was eaten. This "wandering around" period is what can make or break a dinosaur craft.  I couldn't convince the kids that it would be extra special to make a headless dinosaur. And even without a head, my sources say, it probably would not die right away. But we were mid-craft and I had to make a reasoned judgment. Make a call or call it off. So I sought validation in the second point listed, the one about the details. We did cut out the dinosaur body, but left the rest of it vague. Of course, even that decision breeds new questions.
Are claws considered details? Are little curvy lines sticking out of a blob considered claws?
My nephew added wings to his, of his own volition, because according to him, he did not want to too closely try to copy Allah's creation. Kid logic.

It is our responsibility to understand the severity of the offense of trying to recreate or depict something that only Allah can create, specifically animate objects. It is widely taught and accepted that "drawings of people are haram," and this is to put it simply.  Maybe it is because "the fiqh of art" is supposed to be one of those simple things in life. But this could be an open door to labeling things as haram that are not actually haram. Tricky territory when you are teaching little kids, because they hold on to those beliefs until they have something more exhaustive to replace or refine them. And I can't guarantee that. I'm the "fun aunt."

Of course, as with any rulings related to anything, the appropriate action to take in the aforementioned dilemmas will depend on one's madhab, or school of thought. I am Hanafi and do not know the rulings according to the other madhabs, but my first obligation is to learn my own, and not without a sense of urgency. In due time, inshallah I can examine the governing rulings for the Shafi' kid in my class who gasps every time I draw a smiley face. Unfortunately, there is a lot that I still don't know about Islamic law, even on non-craft related issues.

Here's what I do know.
It's weird to draw a person without a head. But it's not as weird to draw a person without some of the other main body parts. Or to draw just parts of those parts. Or draw the person on the edge so only half of them is showing. But what seems to be the default is to eliminate eyes or the face in full.

Here's another thing I know from growing up in a family that followed this ruling.
Eyes with big black Xs over them are creepy. So are dolls with eyeballs ripped out. Almost better not to have the doll.

In choosing which part of the crafted human body to eliminate, I turn to my sister, a baby expert. More specifically, an expert on baby survival. I asked about the no eyes versus no mouth thing.
"you could live if you had a tube in your nose and access to pureed food put through the tube and also could live breathing through the one open nostril ? but questionable how long you could live like that. you can't survive without a mouth and nose obviously you cant breathe."
None of this is obvious to me, actually. The human being is a resilient and miraculous creation of Allah. We can survive under even the most unfavorable circumstances. Even if for a moment. The conclusion we made at this juncture has been significant for all members of the family- our beloved, mouthless Hello Kitty gets the go-ahead. Shukr Alhamdullilah.

I could be wrong- I often am. It is possible that although I am reading the legal texts, through some process that takes place in the depths of gray matter, I may in practice be applying kid logic. Inshallah Allah will make things clear, because I work with other people's children and I'm not here to cause trouble. At least I hope I'm not. My greatest enemy at this point is my own ignorance. He's tough and unruly and wakes up in the night and goes searching for the fruits of my labor just so he can eat them. He shows up unannounced and makes a mess of everything he touches. He's an uncouth little monster and keeps getting fatter, with rolls in his belly, no ears, no eyes, big mouth, no heart.

Friday, November 21, 2014


People would ask me why I was so obsessed with Tangier and I would get this look on my face like I'd been spooked and whisper, "I don't know."

They say we were all created from the earth of different parts of the world and that same place is where we will eventually be buried. This must mean we have a special connection to this unnamed place, where it tugs at the hem of the skirt anytime we think about it or when we see it for the first time as the train pulls up. And we can hate it, just like we can hate ourselves.

I can only assume I was made from some little mound of dirt in a tiny corner of that wretched little town. It keeps calling me back but hasn't had a chance to kill me yet. If I am buried here some day by some curious circumstance, that's how we'll know for sure. And then I'll say it from my grave, in my spooky voice, "I called it!"

But I'm hoping it's not that.

Alexandria is just like Tangier. Not in the tugging-at-heart way, but in the sleepy, falling apart by the seaside and bursting at the seams sort of way. Like Cairo, Alex (as I now endearingly refer to her) is decidedly creepy. Everything is so old, there must be jinn around every bend. So much of the city looks like a dilapidated circus, peppered with old men sitting on the curb with just his feet sticking out from behind a clump of multicolored balloons.

On the ride into the city, I saw a faraway wonder, palace-shaped and decorated with silver sparkling lights. I assumed that it must be the Bibliothequa Alexandria or some other celebrated relic of the Hellenistic age- a broken-off piece of a face carved out of marble where a museum had been built, to celebrate the former glory it once symbolized. As we sped towards it at a steady speed of 120 mph down the Alexandria Desert Highway, I began to decipher its features as being those of an old castle or fortress. But then closer, the circus-like quality of the town began to manifest and I resolved it must be an amusement park. It looked more like the other structures along the coast, speckled with primary colors and flickering lights, which I had also decided were amusement parks. It wasn't until a few more minutes of the cars speeding and near death experiences that we drove clear alongside it, and I must have made a sound or a face or both because the driver stared at me sidelong as I found myself staring at nothing more than a factory. Fat cylindrical tubes connected vats to smokestacks with a winding staircase around its perimeter, suggesting there might be a little man up there, overseeing all of this, and plotting something. Parts of it seemed to be alive. It mostly reminded me of Batman's lair. Did Batman have a lair? Actually, from a distance the whole city looks like Gotham. From on the ground, scattered collections of ruins strung up with lights.

Monday, September 22, 2014

Sinking Ship

During my short stay in that magical land where I am an arts & crafts teacher and I love my job and everything will be fine, I successfully led several girls and unmarried women of a marriageable age into a deep love affair with silk ribbon embroidery. I feel like I am helping to sprinkle the neighborhood with beauty, with a few innocent homes as collateral damage along the way, soon to be decorated with uninspired ribbon knots embroidered into random cloth-covered publicly displayed items. Not everyone has the dexterity required for needlework, but ours was mostly an issue of lack of experience, which made my job easy because then I could just say "ok now you try!" and then they poke themselves with the needle and they will have learned something new. A few of them kept accidentally sewing their projects to themselves, but that was the worst of it. No poked-out eyes, Alhamdullilah, and only one disheartened spirit.

In Tangier we would call her a shakhseeya qawiyya. In America, a free spirit. There was one giving me some trouble at the visa office yesterday and her sympathetic colleague jokingly referred to her as a "hard girl."

I have been unsuccessfully tutoring the former in English using a children's book about the Titanic. I do not especially enjoy teaching this book because I am never quite sure if I am meant to be teaching a moral to the story. We can speculate, but really we don't know anything about why the Titanic sank from a retribution standpoint, and so I would rather leave that interpretation of events alone.

The book is not meant for beginners, but I was confident that I could explain the difficult parts to her in Jordanian Arabic. I learned too late that the Arabic terminology I was using to explain the sequence of events was somewhat archaic and specific to the Quranic story of Noah's Ark, and not all ships and voyages. She has convinced herself that she cannot learn English and I spend most of my time with her in a state of mime, searching for signs of life behind a blank stare from eyes lost in a sea of issues with authority. She adopted a similarly hopeless stance on her capacity for ribbon embroidery after the first failed attempt at a rose. I tried to convince her, also through mime, that if you get enough twisted ribbon knots all gathered in one small space there is bound to be a flower out there somewhere that looks like that, at some point in its life cycle, or postmortem. She rolled her eyes, but couldn't deny it. We worked on it over the four weeks and eventually, she came to me with a perfectly shaped red-ribbon rose that she had completed.

"It looks beautiful!" I exclaimed.

She rolled her eyes and in Arabic, replied, "it looks like a sinking ship."

I vote this a mini forward-moving motion, even though I had to report her to the principal for rolling her eyes.

Wednesday, August 27, 2014

Seeker's Guidance

I have a balcony that overlooks the city and at night I can peek out from the in-between spaces in the curtain lace and see the stars- crazy amounts of them. There is a constellation in the shape of a question mark that is always flickering a little bit extra, like it is made up of stars that a great wind or breath is teasing with the possibility of being extinguished.

I remember "buying a star" at the grocery store decades ago, and wondering how I would ever find out which one was mine. Now I am sure it must be part of that little guy looming over me like a heavy shrug, calling "?..." 
And I reply with another, bigger shrug.
Or that twisted face that inspires other people to make the i'm-going-to-punch-you if-you-don't-stop-making-that-stupid-face face.

Mostly it just reminds me that I don't know very much about anything. And how so much of the time, when I think it's one thing, it's actually the other thing. And how many times I've been left with a sinking feeling and wishing I had done the other thing.

I can even see it out my window right now- now that I'm living on a roof with a balcony where I can see things more clearly, and not back in Buffalo where people can buy stars at the grocery store. 
I'm pretty sure it was a fundraiser for cancer research. It was part of the candy isle.

And so what if I'm just answering one question with another question. At least we're taking the time to ask questions and inshallah getting somewhere. 
Somewhere in the vicinity of deciding to embroider a constellation onto my black winter sweater. And somewhere beneath all those countless little lamps in the sky, we are being constantly reminded of the countless blessings of Allah.

Tuesday, July 29, 2014

Stand Guard

...devil on the loose again.

Anyone who knows me or the reality of life knows that I'm not referring to the cake. But to the actual devil. He's out of his chains after a blessed month during which I often had to face the fact that at least a few of the dumb ideas I have are really just my own.

And while it's definitely not the devil's food, I'm starting to feel like Banana Nut cake is not on my team. So I felt it was best to keep it trapped in a jar and put a ribbon on it which immediately suggests "not for you."

Monday, June 30, 2014

and per se and ...

Dreams come true all the time. I spent three weeks with the official job title "Arts & Crafts Teacher." Ampersand included. My mission was to develop crafts suitable for four to five-year olds with Islamic themes using recyclable household materials. "Islamic themes" was loosely interpreted, as we did end up doing several bug projects. But Allah created bugs. And that's what we call Islamic pre-school art. The possibilities are endless.

Growing up, I too created a portfolio of art with Islamic themes, my best work emerging at the age of nine- a painting of Hell. I entered it into a school-wide contest challenging students to reflect on the theme "Anything Can Happen." When I asked my nephew if his drawing of big black scribbles on black paper was Jahannam, he said "Of course not, it's a tsunami- see the little guy?"
I did see the little guy, flying through the air.
"He's not a bad guy. He's a good guy."
Alhamdullilah, double-win for Team Make Sure the Kids Don't Take After Khala. They don't draw pictures of Hell for fun, plus they understand that even good guys can get caught in a tsunami.

I hope to make this Ramadan more than just a basic fight for survival. We pray Taraweh (Ramadan night prayer) on the roof in the breeze. We can see the whole city from up there although of course no one is looking. But I know it's there and sneak peeks as we go through the Salah, two by two up to 20. A bunch of the kids that were in the crafts program come to the prayer and squeeze their little bodies into the back row. I don't watch to see if they make it through all 20 but when I was their age I definitely used to try, and would make a list in my head of all the things I could think about while I was praying that would keep me from falling asleep standing. I'm not sure what these guys think about except for when they see me standing next to them and get a look of wonder on their face and can't stop staring to see if it's really me. She does things other than crafts? What?

The best part, by far, of seeing kids at Tarweh is during the last raka of Witr when we delay bowing down and instead remain standing to recite the dua qunoot before going into ruku. Kids tend to forget this. It's late, they're tired. So down they go, waiting for the Imam to say Allahuakbar and it just doesn't come. And so they wait, and wait, and then eventually a few little heads start to peek around and try to figure out what's going on. But most of them don't even notice and just maintain great patience and understanding that everything is going great.

And that's what I miss. But aside from not being a child anymore, things actually are going great because Allah has given me a job where I have to at least partially think and act like one. But there's a time and place for it, and this month is about moving forward and not backward. And apparently, according to the schedule, for me to learn how to macrame. And then to learn how to teach kids how to macrame.

Ramadan Kareem.
As the guy who put together the youtube Tafsir lectures I listen to would say: "Plz Keep me in UR duazz and PRAY I get all Az & A+z on my examzz."

Monday, May 19, 2014


A woman stopped me in the street to ask if she could write an article about me and my community. I told her that it would be inappropriate, and suggested she write some short fiction instead. Plus, I'm a "writer." I write about myself all the time.

I spent years convincing Americans that I am fascinating. It's ME. I am the intriguing thing. I do not even need to be doing anything special. I'm a phenomenon. With one boot in one boat and the other boot in the other boat, I stand there, wobbly and casually, talking about boats. Playing it cool,
overhearing conversations about the young ethnic Muslim who unsuccessfully tries to straddle a world of religious devotion and one of secular charms. This discussion takes up about half a page. Then they illustrate it with a drawing of a prayer mat that looks like a dollar bill.

I was trained to believe that this is something worth writing about. I have tried to convince myself otherwise but I can't seem to shake it. The subject is brought up and I smile bigger than before and then proudly nudge the guy beside me and say, "Hey, look. That's my kid." But it is mostly a sham, because what happens to a lot of us is that the juggling act fails and we make concessions. There is nothing really all that fascinating about someone dropping one ball and picking up another. And every so often scrambling around trying to scoop up lost balls.

Living in a heavily Westernized Arab city, there are no longer two worlds, just one big boat full of wobbly Muslims. I am finding that even over here in my little corner of the world, there are constantly choices to be made that are not so much the difference between right and wrong (Alhamdullilah, those are becoming easier to spot, and will inshallah continue to do so) but the choice between caution and "taking it easy." These are the tricky ones. They are not as flashy as the ones that came before, and require more care, sincerity and presence of heart. It takes work for the seemingly fuzzy things to come into focus as clear cut. Then after work, they go change into their party clothes and come out wearing all black and white. Not even so much as a shimmer from a sequin to leave me wondering, wait, what color is that, actually? Or thinking, that would look even better in gray. But it takes work, knowledge, mindfulness and obedience. These are blessings that can only come from Allah, and I hope and pray that I can fill my little lifeboat with them all, just in case this ship sinks.

Like most things, I can best illustrate the situation using crafts.

"What's the rule for playdoh?"

"NO MIXING!" the kids yell in unison as they mush the yellow and green into a tube shape, smash it, then cheer, "Machapichu!"

Monday, February 17, 2014


I was explaining to the kids that we capitalize the names of dieties and religious texts because they are holy. 
It set off sparks.

A little hand shot up, and one of the nine-year-olds insisted that she would not be capitalizing the names of other people's gods, her face resolute and unswerving. "Because they aren't holy. They aren't real. They aren't anything."

"Ok," I murmured, swerving, and wondered if I could just let this slide. "But they are names though. I mean, they are capitalized because they are names. Of things. Even if they aren't real."
She thought about it for a few seconds then resolutely replied "But it's Kufr. So actually we can only capitalize the name of Allah."

This seemed like a good time for slide-letting. I'll just think of it as developing her critical thinking skills.

Later in the lesson, the little hand shot up again. She took offense to the sentence, "The Muslim girl wearing hijab distinctly stood out in the crowd of people at church." It wasn't a great sentence, but it got its point across.  

"But the sentence is wrong," she explained, "because a Muslim girl would never be in a church."

 I tried to explain that since it was physically possible though, hypothetically, for this to happen, the sentence was in fact grammatically correct. But she was sticking to her guns. She gave a look of disapproval to the girl sitting behind her who had thought of the sentence, and who immediately recanted and tried to come up with another way to use the word "distinctly."

I still can't tell if it is a fail or a win for me as a teacher, but I'm leaning towards win.

Lesson learned: Faith trumps grammar.

Meanwhile, I am failing at trying to teach a little Arab kid how to speak English. She starting from scratch and still answers me in squeaks and other meaningful "cultural noises." I am slightly concerned that half of what I point to, she calls "family" -
but it's better than a squeak. 

And as I struggle to get her to speak, I am comforted by the thought that floating in the overall-failing are mini forward-moving motions accompanied by colorful stationary in a large ziplock bag labelled "incentives."

Wednesday, January 1, 2014

Good Company

There are 22 kinds of doubts which one can have while praying. Out of these, seven doubts are those which invalidate the prayers, and six are those which should be ignored. And the remaining nine doubts are valid doubts.

Sometimes waswasa overtakes us. It is what its name sounds like. Little whispers trying to trick you. They say not to let them, or they
will bury you. Don't do too much, and don't do too little. Just do the right thing. You know what that is, don't you?

They say the remedy for waswasa is good company.

Hey you- will you be my neighbor?

Monday, December 30, 2013

Sharia Rainbow

Getting out into the city was the first good idea I’ve had in a long time.
I’ve stopped carrying around my camera in an effort to give up photography, but today I saw so many beautiful inanimate objects that I wish I had captured. Signage, mostly.

I did not find the charming little junk store or the shoes I was searching for- not even at the cute old niqabi’s shop, which once provided me with so many ridiculous heels that I invested in before I realized where I was living. I gave them away soon after and can’t help but wonder if I will be punished for facilitating some other woman wearing them.

I tried to buy a belt from the old woman for good measure but couldn’t find change, and so she just gave it to me.
Yes, that’s how we do it in Jordan.
Free belts, cheap bread and strangers who pick me up from the side of the road and drive me places when it’s raining.

Today was perfect for venturing out of the neighborhood, and inshallah will be a good day to sit on the roof balcony and remember how I used to say that this is what I always wanted.